James Leach intervient avec Monika Stern dans le cadre de la Journée d'étude “Globalized Cultural Industries: Uses, Rights, Circulations”, mardi 5 octobre 2021, Auditorium de la MSH Paris Nord

Journee Etude 5 oct 2021

Session 1 - Agencements économiques et dimensions politiques

Modération : Pascal Petit (CNRS/CEPN)

10h15 Monika Stern (CNRS, LESC-CREM) et James Leach (CNRS, CREDO)

In a recently published paper, we aimed to show how the creation and circulation of musicin Melanesia is an aspect of social reproduction, and makes links between people, and places.We suggested that this apprehension of the value of music is disturbed by copyrights laws,and by institutions working on the basis of a political economy suited to such laws. This isapparent when local music styles are commodified for tourist consumption. In this presentationwe propose to broaden our critical examination to include the domain broadly called‘popular music’, often regarded as part of the ‘music industry’ and therefore considered as naturallyfalling under copyright law. In such instances, copyright is seen as necessary to protectauthors and artists, and often seen as useful to develop commodification and the professionalizationof musicians. We will try to show here that the reasons music in the region is understoodis not necessarily dependent on its style (modern, popular, traditional), but on thesame value principles in rural/urban, old/new, repertoires. While local musicians, influencedby official international bodies increasingly call for the imposition of copyright laws, manyother values of music are also apparent. Analyzing specific case studies in Melanesia mightlead us to think about how similar contradictions are also true for other repertoires.